• Capital
  • Population
    3.09 million (June, 2016, NSO)
  • Area (in sq. km)
  • Language
  • HDI/Rank
    0.735 (HDR 2016); Rank 92
  • Poverty rate
    21.6% (NSO, WB, 2014)
  • GDP Growth
    3.1% (I quarter, 2016)
  • Inflation rate
    1.8 % (NSO, May 2016)
  • Gender Equality Index
    0.32/ 54th out of 187 countries
  • Global Gender Gap Index
    (2016) 58th out of 144 countries
  • Gender Inequality Index
    0.278, rank 53

- Geography

Mongolia is a landlocked country of mountains, steppe and desert stretching over an area of 1,566,500 sq km / 604,830 sq miles. Territory Mongolia is the 18th largest in the world. It is bordered to the north by Russia, while China forms the border to the east, south and west. In the south the Gobi Desert covers more than a third of the country. Around 20% of the remainder is grassland steppe, and some 25%, principally the central, northern and western provinces, is classed as mountain forest steppe. Along the northern border is a large area of larch and pine forest which is essentially the southernmost reaches of Siberia.

The best months of the year to visit Mongolia are June, July, August and beginning of September.

- Culture

Mongolian culture has many distinctive features. They are closely connected with the life style. From ancient times on, Mongolian have lived in the vast lands of Central Asia. Raising livestock and nomadic living patterns have found reflection in everyday thinking and the culture.

One of the unique features of nomadic culture is that Mongolian people live in full harmony with Mother Nature. In comparison with settled peoples, the nomadic herders face nature directly on a day in, day out basis.

- Mongolian language

Mongolian language belongs to the Altaic group of languages. There are many dialects in Mongolia but the Khalkha is the official one. The traditional Mongolian script is called Vaghintara and of Devanagiri origin that is written vertically.

From 1921 Mongolians were using Latin script until we adopted Cyrillic in 1945 due to the Russian influence. Since 1990, the traditional script reemerged and is taught in school.

- Religion

Buddhist Lamaism about 82% since 14th century, Shamanism (in the north), Muslims 5% in the West (Kazakh groups) and Christianity around 6% of total population since 1990’s.


is closely related to Mongolian nomadic culture. The tribes in Mongolia followed shamanism from the times of the Great Huns until the formation of the Uigur Empire.


introduced in Mongolian in the 16th century, played an enormous role in the development of Mongolian culture. The Mongolians' perceptions, psychology, traditions, thinking, and world outlook were enriched by the Buddhist philosophy and world view.

- Currency

The basic monetary unit in Mongolia is TUGRUG. At the present, 20,000, 10,000, 5,000, 1,000, 500, 100, 50, 20, and 10 tugrug notes are in circulation. Commercial banks in Ulaanbaatar and province centers are the official organizations authorized to exchange foreign currency. They have network of branches in Ulaanbaatar and exchange bureaus at main hotels. ATM machine is available. As of 06 March 2017 currency rate is:

  • $1 = 2400 TUGRIKS
  • €1 = 2600 TUGRIKS

- Visa information

You can get visa from Mongolian consulate in your country. Our company will be providing you an invitation letter for your visa.   Read more   

Why Mongolia?

  • • Mongolia, once the greatest and biggest empire that was built by a great emperor, Chinggis Khaan, is now his homeland and located in the heart of Asia.
  • • Mongolia is a safe country. You will experience neither dangerous nor disturbing weather, labor strikes, civil disturbances, political unrest or terrorist attacks.
  • • Mongolia is one of the last few places on the planet where nomadic life is still a living tradition and offers a rewarding destination for the travelers. You will experience a nomadic culture that has remained from the time of Chinggis Khaan.
  • • Mongolian nature is the most beautiful, unpolluted and wild place you have ever seen. You will enjoy different landscapes with rare animals and plants. Explore and discover our Gobi Deserts, Mountains, Steppes, Lakes and Rivers… all in Mongolia.
  • • Mongolia has long historical and cultural heritages. You can enjoy beautiful melody of Mongolian national instruments such as Morin Huur (horse headed fiddle), Huumii (throat singing) and folk music and dance and Naadam Festival.
  • • Mongolia makes travelers feel at peace, silence, relax and luxury. Real freedom here!
  • • Mongolia offers you a lot of adventures such as horseback riding, fishing, motorcycling and mountain biking, mountaineering and hunting with many unforgettable memories.
  • • Mongolia makes you discover the real Mongolian spirit and art. The creations of Zanabazar are remarkable. You will explore many different monasteries such as Erdene Zuu, Amarbayasgalant and Tuvkhun
  • • Buddhist monasteries with Mongolian architectures. Even you will have a chance to see the ancient capital of the Chinggis Khaan.

How do you get to Mongolia?

You can come by either plane or train. There are a few places which fly to the capital, Ulaanbaatar. From Europe, there is an infrequent service from Istanbul (Turkish Airlines), Frankfurt (MIAT Mongolian Airlines) and Moscow (Aeroflot). There are almost daily flights from Seoul as well as other flights through Beijing.

The Trans-Mongolian Line of the Trans-Siberian Railway links Mongolia's capital Ulaanbaatar with Moscow and Beijing. The ride between Ulaanbaatar and Moscow will continue for 5 days. From Ulaanbaatar to Beijing the trip takes almost 2 days. Although the train is very promising for the tourists who want to discover the beauty of Mongolia, it might be a little tiring for the elders though.

We offer the following tours and expeditions:
  • Horse trek through the historic Orkhon valley

  • Camel trek through the dunes of Gobi Desert

  • Motorcycle trip across the steppe

  • Jeep tours through Chinggis Khaan's birth place

  • History and cultural discovery tour in Karakorum